Discussions with Israel are progressing more slowly. The first round of negotiations took place at the end of 2018. It focused on trade defence measures, rules on the origin of goods, customs cooperation, dispute resolution, technical barriers to trade, health and plant health standards, public procurement and trade issues. The main problem is to reconcile the positions of the parties. Political differences with Tehran, which has already reached an agreement with the Eurasian Union, have not significantly influenced the course of the talks. At the same time, the iran agreement carries some political risks. In September 2019, the United States imposed sanctions on the Central Bank of Iran and 25 Iranian companies. The United States also calls for its allies and the international community to adhere to these sanctions. Sanctions against Tehran are likely to continue to expand. 6. Each contracting party authorizes the nationals, businesses and organizations of the other contracting party to promote their products and services (a) in direct agreement with advertising materials, including television, radio, printing and billboard, and (b) by direct mail, including the use of envelopes and attached cards addressed in advance to that company, company or national organization. Strengthening trade and economic cooperation with Iran is also beneficial for Russia. Commercial sales between the two countries amounted to $1.741 billion in 2018.
Russian exports to Iran are estimated at $1.208 billion, while Iranian exports to Russia totaled $533 million. The Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation, Dmitry Kozak, estimates that the Russian economy will earn an additional $150 million a year if the interim agreement is ratified. Other Eurasian countries are also interested in developing their trade and general economic cooperation with Iran. With the upcoming signing of the Caspian Sea Transport Cooperation Agreement and the creation of a major transport and logistics centre, trade with Iran could increase further. The AMéricano-Russian trade agreement provides for reciprocal customs treatment of the most favoured nation (MFN) for the products of each country. The trade agreement was concluded with the Soviet Union in June 1990 and approved by the U.S. Congress in November 1991. The United States and Russia agreed to make technical adjustments to the agreement to reflect the creation of an independent Russia.
A new agreement from the U.S. Congress is not necessary. 3. A trade secret must be protected, whether a trade secret or a technical secret, provided that: 3. The development of the provisions relating to market disruptions under Article XI of the agreement (market disruption) is without prejudice to the right of a party to apply one of its laws and regulations applicable to the trade in textiles and textile products. Given the importance of intellectual property and the need for its legal protection for the promotion of trade and economic cooperation and recognising the need to create more favourable conditions for adequate and effective legal protection of intellectual property and its application, the parties agreed to: 2. by promoting cooperation in the business sector and facilitating the search for business partners , access to publications and databases, as well as information on the availability of technical innovations. Convinced that an agreement on trade relations between the two parties will serve their mutual interests in the best interests and recognizing that the development of trade relations and direct contact between Soviet organizations and US nationals and businesses will foster openness and mutual understanding, Turkey has concluded bilateral and multilateral agreements with: 1.