Learn more about the rules of origin and the resources needed to qualify your shipment for your preferred FTA rate processing. The CRO and TCRO have put in place a comprehensive architectural concept in which the harmonization programme must be completed. These are general rules that are set out in eight articles entitled provisional: scope; The harmonized system definitions; Determining the origin Residual rules of origin Minimal operations or processes Special provisions de Minimis; three annexes: appendix 1: fully acquired goods; Appendix 2: Product Rules – Essential Processing; and Appendix 3: minimum operations or processes. The rules of origin are those to assign a country of origin to a product, to determine its “economic nationality”.  The need to define rules of origin stems from the fact that the implementation of trade policy measures, such as tariffs, quotas, trade assistance, depends, in different cases, on the country of origin of the product. Under the 1923 Geneva Convention, governments delegated the issuance of certificates of origin to the chambers. The chambers are considered competent organisations and are regarded as responsible and reliable third parties, with neutrality and impartiality. CCI`s World Chambers Federation Council on International Certificate of Origin (ICO) was created to enhance and promote the unique position of the chambers as a natural agent in the issuance of commercial documents. The Federation has put in place a universal procedure for the issuance and certification of certificates by chambers around the world.  Products obtained entirely in a given country are considered to be from that country. Only the production of a given country applies: Article 5:1 of the agreement obliges each member to submit to the secretariat, within 90 days of the entry into force of the WTO agreement, its rules of origin, judicial decisions and general administrative decisions concerning the rules of origin. The secretariat distributes information received and available to all members of the lists. At its session on 4 April 1995, the Committee agreed that all notifications made in a language other than a WTO working language should be accompanied by a summary in a WTO working language (G/RO/1).
Because of this role, rules of origin also help to create exchanges between members of a preferential trade agreement. Such an effect on the creation of trade can be achieved through two channels. First, since preferences are exclusively for products originating from partner countries, it follows that one party tends to increase its imports from another party to a free trade agreement.