The president`s promise to renegotiate the international climate agreement has always been a smokescreen, the oil industry has a red phone at the Home Office, and will Trump bring food trucks to Old Faithful? The IPCC notes that climate change is limited only by a “substantial and sustainable reduction in greenhouse gas emissions.” While the benefits of presenting a single global temperature threshold as a dangerous climate change can be discussed, the general scientific view is that an increase in global temperatures of more than 2 degrees Celsius would be an unacceptable risk – potentially leading to mass extinctions, more severe droughts and hurricanes, and an arid region. While it is not clear that global warming will cause “sudden and irreversible changes” in Earth`s systems, the risk of exceeding the threshold only increases if temperatures rise. The agreement recognizes the role of non-partisan stakeholders in the fight against climate change, including cities, other sub-national authorities, civil society, the private sector and others. Although both the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement intend to combat climate change, there are significant differences between them. The agreement commits all countries to reduce their emissions and cooperate to adapt to the effects of climate change and calls on countries to strengthen their commitments over time. The agreement provides developed countries with a means to assist developing countries in their mitigation and adaptation efforts, while establishing a framework for monitoring and reporting transparently on developing countries` climate goals. The Paris Agreement establishes a global framework to prevent dangerous climate change by limiting global warming to a level well below 2 degrees Celsius and by making efforts to limit it to 1.5 degrees Celsius. It also aims to strengthen countries` capacity to cope with the effects of climate change and to assist them in their efforts. The objective of the agreement is to reduce global warming described in Article 2 by “improving the implementation” of the UNFCCC by: Carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide and methane Are gases that accumulate in the atmosphere and prevent heat from emanating from the Earth`s surface in space, creating what is called the greenhouse effect. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the main international panel on this issue, the concentration of these thermal gases has increased significantly since pre-industrial times and has not been observed for at least 800,000 years. Carbon dioxide (the main cause of climate change) has increased by 40 per cent, nitrous oxide by 20 per cent and methane by 150 per cent since 1750, mainly due to the burning of dirty fossil fuels. The IPCC says it is “extremely likely” that these emissions have been primarily responsible for the rise in global temperatures since the 1950s.
Meanwhile, deforestation and forest degradation have also contributed to their fair share of global carbon emissions. “The links between biodiversity, climate change and human health are now well established. That is why, next month, in collaboration with the United Nations and the World Bank, we will hold a one-planet summit on biodiversity, in which we will develop a programme of concrete actions. INDE has addressed the challenges of eradicating poverty while reducing greenhouse gas emissions. About 24% of the world`s population without access to electricity (304 million) lived in India. Nevertheless, the country planned to “reduce the intensity of its GDP emissions by 33-35% by 2030” from 2005 levels. The country has also attempted to buy about 40% of its electricity from renewable energy sources, not fossil fuels by 2030. INDC found that implementation plans would not be affordable from national resources: it estimated that it would take at least $2.5 trillion to implement climate change measures by 2030.